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# SAT Test Anatomy & Scoring Metrics

The SAT is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. It is designed to assess a student’s readiness for college-level work and measures reading, writing, and math skills. In this article, we will explore the anatomy of the SAT and its scoring metrics.

## SAT Test Anatomy

The SAT is composed of four sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (EBRW), Math (with a calculator), Math (without a calculator), and the Essay (optional). Each section is designed to test specific skills and knowledge.

### Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (EBRW)

The EBRW section of the SAT assesses a student’s ability to read and comprehend passages, analyze texts, and write effectively. The section is divided into two components: Reading and Writing and Language.

The Reading component of the EBRW section consists of 52 multiple-choice questions that assess a student’s ability to read and comprehend passages from various sources. The passages are drawn from literature, social studies, and science. The Reading component is scored on a scale of 10 to 40 (100 to 400).

#### Writing and Language

The Writing and Language component of the EBRW section consists of 44 multiple-choice questions that assess a student’s ability to revise and edit written passages. The passages are drawn from various sources and cover history, social studies, and science. The Writing and Language component is scored on a scale of 10 to 40 (100 to 400).

### Math

The Math section of the SAT is designed to assess a student’s ability to solve problems, reason mathematically, and use mathematical models to solve real-world problems. The section is divided into two components: Calculator and No Calculator. The lowest possible score on the math section is a 200, and the highest is an 800. The total number of correct answers from the Calculator and No Calculator sections are added together. That number is used to find the scaled score. The two math sections are not scored separately.

#### Calculator

The Calculator component of the Math section consists of 38 multiple-choice questions and eight grid-in questions that assess a student’s ability to use a calculator to solve problems.

#### No Calculator

The No Calculator component of the Math section consists of 20 multiple-choice questions and five grid-in questions that assess a student’s ability to solve problems without a calculator.

### Essay (Optional)

The Essay section of the SAT is optional and is designed to assess a student’s ability to analyze and write about a given passage. The essay is scored on a scale of 2 to 8 in three categories: Reading, Analysis, and Writing. The scores for each category are added together to give a total score of 6 to 24.

## Scoring Metrics

Each section of the SAT is scored separately, and the scores are added together to give a total score. The total score is then converted to a scaled score of 400 to 1600. The Essay score is reported separately.

### Raw Score

The raw score is the number of questions a student answers correctly. Each question is worth one point, and there is no penalty for incorrect answers. The raw score is then converted to a scaled score.

### Scaled Score

The scaled score is the score that is reported to colleges and universities. The scaled score is based on the raw score and considers the difficulty of the questions on the test. The scaled score ranges from 400 to 1600 for the total score and 10 to 40 for each section score.

### Percentile Rank

The percentile rank is the percentage of students who scored lower than a particular student. For example, if a student has a percentile rank of 75, they scored higher than 75% of students who took the test.

### Subscores

The SAT also provides subscores for each section of the test. The subscores offer more detailed information about a student’s performance on the test. The subscores are reported on a scale of 1 to 15.

The Reading subscore is based on the student’s performance on the Reading component of the EBRW section.

#### Writing and Language

The Writing and Language subscore is based on the student’s performance on the Writing and Language component of the EBRW section.

#### Math

The Math subscore is based on the student’s performance on the Math section’s Calculator and No Calculator components.

#### Cross-Test Scores

The Cross-Test Scores provide information about students’ ability to apply reading, writing, and math skills to real-world problems. The Cross-Test Scores are reported on a scale of 10 to 40.

#### Essay

The Essay subscore is based on the student’s performance in the SAT Essay section.

## Conclusion

The SAT is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. It consists of four sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (EBRW), Math (with a calculator), Math (without a calculator), and the essay (optional). Each section is designed to test specific skills and knowledge. The test is scored based on the raw score, which is the number of questions answered correctly, and the scaled score, which considers the difficulty of the questions on the test. The scaled score ranges from 400 to 1600 for the total score and 10 to 40 for each section score. The SAT also provides subscores for each test section, which provide more detailed information about a student’s performance.

It is important to note that while the SAT is an essential factor in college admissions, it is not the only factor. Colleges and universities also consider other factors such as high school GPA, extracurricular activities, essays, and letters of recommendation. Students should prepare for the SAT by studying the material and taking practice tests. They should also consider seeking help from a tutor or taking a prep course if they need additional assistance.

In conclusion, the SAT is an important standardized test for college admissions in the United States. It consists of four sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (EBRW), Math (with a calculator), Math (without a calculator), and the essay (optional). Each section is designed to test specific skills and knowledge. The test is scored based on the raw score and the scaled score, which considers the difficulty of the questions on the test. The SAT also provides subscores for each test section, which provide more detailed information about a student’s performance. Students should prepare for the SAT by studying the material and taking practice tests. They should also consider seeking help from a tutor or taking a prep course if they need additional assistance.