# Factoring By Grouping

In this video, we are going to look at how to factor by grouping.

For example:
To factor $12x^3+18x^2+10x+15$, first think about it in two pieces, cutting it in half. Then we will look at the first two terms, and take out the greatest common factor, which is $6x^2$. This will leave us with
$6x^2(2x+3)$
Then, we do the same thing for the next two terms. The greatest common factor here is 5. When we take out the greatest common factor, we are left with
$5(2x+3)$
Notice that the same exact factors are written in both sets of parentheses. From here we can factor out the $(2x+3)$ from each term. This will result in a final answer of
$(2x+3)(6x^2+5)$

## Video-Lesson Transcript

Let’s go over factoring by grouping.

We have $12x^3 + 18x^2 + 10x + 15$

So we’re going to factor this four-term polynomial by grouping.

We’re going to split this in half.

Let’s look at the first two terms of the polynomial.

$12x^3 + 18x^2$

And we’ll find out what is the greatest common factor of these two terms.

It’s $6x^2$.

Let’s factor.

$12x^3 + 18x^2$
$6x^2 (2x + 3)$

Now let’s do the same with the other two terms.

$10x + 15$

The greatest common factor for these two is $5$.

Let’s factor.

$10x + 15$
$+5 (2x + 3)$

Let’s put the plus sign.

At this point, we have the same exact factors:

$2x + 3$

We can actually factor this out of both of these terms.

We have

$6x^2 (2x + 3) +5 (2x + 3)$

So let’s take the same factors out.

Our final answer is

$(2x + 3) (6x^2 + 5)$

Let’s take a look at another example.

$6x^3 + 7x^2 - 42x - 49$

Again, let’s split the polynomial into two.

Then factor the first two terms first.

$6x^3 + 7x^2$

There’s no greatest common factor for these two coefficients. The only factor we have is the variable.

$6x^3 + 7x^2$
$x^2 (6x + 7)$

Then do the same with the remaining two terms.

$- 42x - 49$

$7$ goes into both of these but since they are negative, we would want to take the negative out.

$-7 (6x + 7)$

So now we have

$x^2 (6x + 7) -7 (6x + 7)$

Let’s take the common factor out. And we’re left with our final answer.

$(6x + 7) (x^2 - 7)$

This is polynomial factoring.